The Delhi Gate, Mandu


This engraving from the book The Ruins of Mandoo: The Ancient Mahommedan Capital of Malwah in Central India, 1859 illustrates features of Mandu in western Madhya Pradesh, an ancient city of historical and architectural significance.

The beautiful fortress town can be dated back to the 6th century, since when it has continually been the site of many conquests and civilisations, including those of the Paramara Dynasty, the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughals. These empires left behind examples of spectacular architecture such as Jami Mosque (Jumah Musjid), Jahaz Mahal, the palace of Baz Bahadur along with a pavilion he built for his beloved queen Roopmati, the tomb of Hoshang Shah Ghuri (Sultan Hoossain Shah Ghuree) and many more.

Depicted here is the Delhi Gate which was the main entrance to the fortress of Mandu. The gate was built by Hoshang Shah Ghuri (r. 1405 – 1431) who was the second Sultan of Malwa. Many structures in Mandu highlight the Islamic architecture of India and are said to have inspired the later Mughal architecture in the North.


The Delhi Gate, Mandu
Captain Claudius Harris
J Guiaud based on sketches by Captain Claudius Harris
Day and Son, London
Coloured lithograph
H: 27.5 x W: 37.5 cm
Accession No.
2020.1.1 (6)