Mata Ni Pachedi, Durga Mata, Vahanvati Mata, Bahuchara Mata

21st century

There are three central goddesses in this painting: Durga, Bahuchara Mata and Vahanvati Mata. If you’ve read this story on goddesses and their vahans, you will know that Durga Mata is the one riding the lion on land, Vahanvati Mata is riding a black goat on a boat in the sea and Bahuchara Mata is riding a rooster in a wooded area. The textile encompasses four terrains: mountains (top), ocean (middle), land (centre and lower half) and lake. Durga Mata is the epitome of the divine feminine at her fiercest; of the three on this canvas, she is the most mainstream. Bahuchara Mata is the patron saint of the hijra community and Vahanvati Mata is worshipped by merchants and seafarers.

Sanjay Manubhai Chitara, based in Ahmedabad, has been an artist preserving the tradition of Mata-ni-Pachedi paintings for more than two decades. He began painting as an assistant to his father and National Award-winning artist Manubhai, at the age of 12. Sanjay received the same recognition in 2000 when President Abdul Kalam presented him with the National Award.

Durga Mata, Vahanvati Mata, Bahuchara Mata
21st century
Sanjay Chitara
Cotton cloth hand-painted and block-printed with natural dyes
H: 158 cm x W: 217 cm
Accession No.