Akbar, Silver Rupee (Rupiya) of Multan Mint

Coin issued: Ilahi 41 Month: Khurdad

This silver coin is inscribed on both the obverse and the reverse and shows a floral design motif. The coin has a broad flan typical of a ‘Nazrana type’ coin issued by Emperor Akbar. A Nazrana coin was struck specifically for guests who wished to present it in the Durbar in honour of the Emperor. It was minted only when an order was placed directly to the mint, an extra fee would be charged for this. The Nazrana once presented would then be sent back to the mint to be melted, this resulted in extra money for the treasury. Akbar’s Ilai coins typically bore the Ilahi creed: Allahu Akbar Jalla Jalalhu.

He issued silver Ilahi coins minted at Agra in square and round shapes during alternate months during the Ilahi Era. The Ilahi Era or ‘Tarikh-i-ilahi’ was based on the ‘Din-i-Ilahi’ faith founded by Akbar. This calendar was based on the solar periodicals and starts on Nauroz, which falls on 20th March according to the Gregorian calendar. The mint Multan appears for the first time under the Mughals during Akbar’s reign.

Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar’s (1556-1605) long rule of 49 years and his expansion to newer mints led to the age of experimentation in coins for the Mughal Empire. Akbar issued about 25 types of new coins like Aftabi, Mohur, Lal-i-Jalal, Salimi etc. while retaining the rupee, tanka, dam and other local coinage. These coins were issued in different shapes like round, square, rectangular and others. He introduced decorative motifs like floral motifs, dotted borders, cartouche and star type coins. He also introduced imagery in his coins which is strictly prohibited in Islam. Famously, a mohur depicting a hawk from Asirgarh is evidence to this.

Akbar, Silver Rupee (Rupaiya) of Multan Mint
Coin issued: Ilahi 41 Month: Khurdad
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